What is the principle of the boiler? No matter how much the tonnage, the boiler works basically the same. Role of the boiler fuel chemical energy is converted into thermal energy, heating and heat inside the pot with water to become superheated steam having a mass and a sufficient amount (steam temperature, steam pressure) of the steam turbine for use. Now the power plant boiler capacity, high parameters, technical complexity, high levels of mechanization and automation, the main fuel is coal, and coal prior to combustion of pulverized coal first made, and then into the boiler combustion heat release in the furnace. Broadly speaking, the work process is the main boiler fuel combustion, heat transfer, vaporization and heating of the water with the superheated steam and the like. The entire boiler boiler composed of two parts and auxiliary equipment. Boiler: boiler body is the main part of the boiler equipment, is composed of two parts, "pot" and "furnace" composition. "Pot" is the soda system which main task is to attract the heat receiving fuel discharged, the water is heated, evaporated and finally becomes superheated steam having certain parameters. It consists economizer, the drum, the downcomer, the header, water wall, superheater and reheater connecting pipes and other equipment and valves. 1) economizer. Vertically positioned rear of the boiler flue, the use of flue gas waste heat boiler feed water, reducing the exhaust gas temperature, increase boiler efficiency, fuel economy (2) drum. At the top of the boiler, it is a cylindrical pressure vessel, which is under water, the upper portion of the steam is that it accepts the economizer runoff, while the downcomer composed header, Wall water circulation circuit. Wall water absorbs heat generated in the soda mixture was collected in the drum, conveyed by the saturated steam to the superheater steam-water separator (3) downcomer. Water supply pipe water wall, the effect of which is introduced into the water in the steam drum to the lower header redistribution respective waterwall tubes. Dispersion in small diameter and the large diameter downcomers Downcomer two kinds. Small diameter tubular small diameter drops, the water cycle of negative (4) waterwall lower header. The main role of the header is a mass pooled or working fluid through the header to the header redistributed through other conduits. A water wall is thicker lower header tube closed at both ends, its role is connected to the downcomer and the water-cooled wall, so as to function together, mixing, redistribution effect working medium (5) water wall. At the furnace around its main task is to absorb radiant heat of the oven, to evaporate water, which is the main heating surface modern boilers, while protecting the furnace wall (6) superheater. Its role is to drum saturated steam into superheated steam on heating (7) having a predetermined temperature reheater. Its role is done in the steam turbine power section is heated up again, and then continue to work in the steam turbine. "Furnace" is the combustion system, its task is to make the fuel burn in a good furnace, heat. It consists of the furnace, the burner, ignition means, air preheater, the smoke duct and the furnace wall, frame and other components. (1) furnace. It is transferred from the furnace wall and into the water wall for fuel combustion, the fuel combustion in suspension, the release of large amounts of heat within the space. (2) burners. Located on the furnace walls or corners, its role is the fuel and air injected into the furnace at a constant speed, so that it can be well mixed in a furnace in order to ensure timely ignition and rapid and complete fuel combustion. DC sub-burner and swirl burner two basic types. (3) air preheater. Located in the boiler backpass, whose role is to use waste heat of flue gas to heat the fuel required for the combustion air, exhaust gas temperature can be further reduced not only, but also for strengthening the furnace combustion, improve the economy of combustion, pulverized coal drying and conveying is advantageous of. Boiler efficiency can be increased by 2%. And rotary two kinds of charge. (4) smoke duct. From the furnace wall is a pipe, the pipe heating surface and the portion of the tube wall and other components of the package, for guiding the flow of flue gas through the heat exchanger and the respective heating surface, and is divided into horizontal flue backpass. Auxiliary ventilation apparatus comprises auxiliary equipment (delivery, induced draft fan), a fuel transportation equipment, milling system, in addition to ash and dust removal equipment, desulfurization equipment.
Factors which influence energy-intensive industrial boiler energy-intensive industrial boilers factors influencing factors which have high energy consumption of industrial boilers which have 1, energy consumption is low management level industrial boiler is too large, are long-term presence of many companies in the current . On the one hand understanding of the enterprise energy conservation boiler is still not sufficient, on the other hand the energy management level is still at a low level, and even some companies even the most basic measuring instruments are not equipped. In order to reduce operating costs, many companies have to buy the old boiler use, lack of components purchased fuel means of inspection. Even in the case of raw coal screening is not performed, it is directly put into production use, it is difficult to ensure full combustion of coal. Not only the thermal efficiency is low, but also resulted in a waste of fuel. 2, heat recovery is poor combustion is incomplete, the situation is the high rate of heat loss is extremely common in industrial boilers used in the process, saving the main parameters of the boiler will be exceeded. Economizer function is to heat energy recovered, but in actual use, heat recovery efficiency is very low. In this case, do not use a lot of boiler economizer direct altogether, inevitably produce exhaust gas temperature is too high. Meanwhile, return the device and steam condensate recovery, it has not been fully appreciated and better use, some are put to use in the boiler after installation, and did not take appropriate measures to deal with poor recycling effect. 3, lack of effective supervision of the level of energy service work, depends largely on the level of experience and technical personnel. But in practical terms, due to the lack of technical personnel, resulting in the energy service work at the level of the low. Various enterprises produced energy-saving products with high imitation, coupled with the lack of effective supervision of energy-saving measures, resulting in the entire market of energy-saving products more confusing. The effect of not only energy-saving effect is not ideal, and to transform the poor, the performance of energy-saving products remains to be greatly improved. Market confusion, vicious competition phenomenon has not been fundamentally curbed.
Still 8 cultural and creative industrial park is located in the Chaoyang District, Beijing, Bali Zhuang Chen Lin, No. 2, construction area of 493,300 square meters. Surrounded by quintessence of Court, Red Sandalwood Museum, Shanxi Museum and other famous attractions. Due to its special geographical location, has very stringent requirements for providing heat boiler plants. Carefully selected to finalize cooperation with our company, signed a two He Lide series complete condensation pressure hot water boiler.
Advancing the ignition point of coal, the temperature of the furnace to improve the ash carbon content decreased. Smoke swirling mix and strengthen the separation of coke particles in the flue gas, so that it falls on the fire bed and the new layer further fuel burn. Flue gas also strong swirl in the flue gas CO, H2, CH4 and other combustible combustion gases, thereby improving the thermal efficiency of the boiler is more than 4%. But also improve the boiler output to meet the needs of the production of steam, reducing environmental pollution, expanding the scope to adapt varieties of coal. 2. The air supply and reasonable regulation. In Grate, vibration stove, oven and forth, depending on the characteristics of the combustion process, reasonable air, to promote combustion furnace is very important. As the chain furnace, with grate the fuel is kept in motion, occur sequentially ignition, combustion, burn various stages. Along the longitudinal direction of the combustion grate stages, the partition, the amount of air required in the grate longitudinal direction is different. In the preheating zone of the head and the tail of burnout grate stage, small air requirement in the middle stage of combustion grate, the air amount required.