This year, located in Guizhou Tongzi County and located in Heilongjiang Harbin has two biomass hand burning thermal boiler agent explosions accident, after investigation, the accident was produced in the installation link, there are companies the main responsibility for the implementation of incomplete installation link, confusion installation and construction management , unauthorized commissioning, pressure testing irregularities, installation supervision and inspection to ensure the role of the missing and other problems, leading to a boiler explosion occurs, causing adverse effects for the personal and property safety.
Market supervision bureau to draw lessons from the accident, in order to avoid explosion due to boiler installation problem from occurring again, issued a notice warning of the risk of boiler installation link. Details are as follows:
The boiler safety related technical specifications, the entire boiler manufacturing unit can be installed (set) mounted boiler units produced. Boiler manufacturing unit undertake installation work, should meet the following requirements:
The manufacturer should be dedicated departments boiler installation work, set up to cover the boiler installation quality management system, equipped with the necessary resources to installation conditions. Boiler manufacturing units should strengthen sales management, through specified in the sales contract if the terms of the unit responsible for the installation of boilers, etc., to prevent sales by the manufacturing license qualification units or organizations which are not allowed to undertake the unit personnel to carry out boiler installation work. Where specified in the contract manufacturing sales unit responsible for the installation, on-site installation work must be sent by the company to complete the installation personnel shall not be subcontracted to other units (safety specifications are allowed in the assigned project except). Indicate the sales contract to this unit responsible for the installation of the boiler, installation of the unit must have the appropriate license installed. Responsible for the installation of the units should strengthen safety education and skills training for installation personnel. Find that the installation quality and safety aspects of the occurrence of an accident or appears illegal activities, special equipment safety supervision institutions should be punished according to the law to install the unit.
Boiler installation units should strictly enforce the relevant safety standards and technical specifications to ensure the quality and safety of boiler installation, the unit should be installed at the installation site set up signs stating the name of the license holder of the certificate, license project, license number and items the person in charge, who is responsible for safety and quality, commissioning personnel, supervisory inspector's name, unit and telephone. Boiler commissioning and commissioning, operation must be performed by a licensed boiler operator. Before the boiler installation, inspection and acceptance by the relevant formally delivered, installed units should be hung in a prominent position boilers warning signs with the words "banned" and take effective protection and quarantine measures to ensure that the boiler system can not be ignited or boost . In addition to the need to debug, the cabinet can not be energized, the fuel valve is in a closed state should be like. Use blanking panels of the boiler pressure test, the test should be removed immediately after the end of the Blind.
Boiler boiler installation situation before construction units should be installed by informing the local special equipment safety supervision and management departments, and submit an application to install Supervision, Inspection and supervisory inspection agency. Where Supervision and Inspection uncommitted boiler installation project may not start.
Supervisory inspection agency should be strictly in accordance with the "Boiler Inspection Rules", according to the supervisory inspection protocol and progress of the project requirements, arrangements for the implementation of the supervisory inspector boiler installation supervisory inspection. A class of control points, the supervisory inspector must be at the scene confirmed to meet the requirements, the installation unit in order to continue with the work. Supervisory inspector shall, at the start that is to the construction site, in the whole process of site supervision to pressure test, shall not be used after the witness confirmed that and how do fill supervisory inspection program Supervision, Inspection and replacement process when the boiler pressure test.
Boiler manufacturing unit in particular is responsible for boiler installation of manufacturing units and boiler installation supervisory inspection agency, should an accident lessons learned, giving top priority to further implement the main responsibility and checks responsibility, strengthen the boiler installation management to ensure the quality of the installation work, protect the boiler safety.
When long-term disabled biomass hand burning thermal boiler agent, furnace should pay great attention to external corrosion and maintenance problems. First, the boiler shutdown cooling, heating surface must be thoroughly cleaned and the fouling of the upper grate, the lower portion of the furnace ash. Then to maintain a certain degree of natural ventilation flue. In general, in order desiccant moisture should be placed in the furnace, flue. The quicklime as a drying agent, within the furnace or flue gas per cubic meter should be placed generally about 3kg. After placing all the ventilation should be tightly closed doors. After the change of lime powder to be replaced. Low-lying position as boiler room, ground during shutdown severe flood tide, often approach should be used and placed a small fire to dry desiccant combination. If the boiler shutdown a long time, after the complete removal of soot coated with an anti-corrosion red lead paint in oil or other metal surface furnace.
Electric boilers are highly advanced and reliable. They require no chimney and there is no complex installation to deal with. There are several types of electric boilers available in various sizes and capacities. You can find one that fits your price range without much difficulty. You also do not have to make a separate accommodation for the boiler, unlike oil versions that require a separate boiler room. Electric boilers are also considered cleaner because there is less condensation and fewer contaminants. Electric boilers are considered much safer than oil boilers.
Prevent explosion of the furnace, the fuel (gas) biomass hand burning thermal boiler agent flame protection means must be provided, is a function of combustion (including ignition, combustion or misfires when halfway off, typically within five seconds re-ignition furnace in the monitoring, within 1 second running off into the oil (gas) solenoid valve, and turns on and audible alarm signal, when the blower continues to operate, the residual gas was purged of combustible furnace, after 20 to 30 seconds purge, automatically cut off the blower and various auxiliary power boiler stop running.) by the flame monitoring and control device component. Role is to monitor the flame control device signals the presence of a flame or interrupted.