Check Item item hot water boiler hot water boiler comprising a boiler inspection and checking internal use preparations, checking in the furnace and the flue, the boiler attachment check, check automatic control system, the secondary device, check the combustion device, the auxiliary heat check the surface of the hot water boiler must be done before running some tests, these tests are quite a lot of us, it is possible because of our neglect and causing very serious consequences. Therefore, we must forestall, be sure to carefully check the following before the hot water boiler operation. 1, including the use of internal inspection and boiler ready. 2, inspection, and furnace fouling and debris inside the flue in the furnace and flue should be cleaned. Flue duct and damper, the shutter must be complete and compact, flexible switch, opening and closing accurately indicated. 3, check the boiler accessories, check the safety accessory is intact; cock is rotating flexible, easy to use; all kinds of instruments and controls should be complete, good, clean. After passing the examination, should the gauge cocks in working condition. 4, check the automatic control system. 5. Check the accessory device. 6, inspection of the combustion apparatus, the combustion apparatus is intact inspection; mechanical transmission system, coal handling system, the ballast system test switch normally; spring-loaded safety level of a gearbox should be appropriate, well lubricated; coal shutter indicate the correct scale. iron eagle neat, well, turn the ballast plates full, flexible movement. 7, the auxiliary heating surface of the inspection, check the auxiliary device (fan, blower, pump, etc.) are firmly connected coupling; proper belt tension triangle; oil should be good enough; cooling water flow. After passing the examination, installed security guard, respectively, commissioning, and note the current when idling. It is fed out of the hot water boiler heat equivalent to a mass per hour (usually expressed in tons) in water was heated from 20 ℃ and heat output of all vaporized into a 4 ton horizontal coal steam boiler water absorbed three expressions, in tons) water from 20 ℃ heated and vaporized into all heat absorbed by the steam boiler it is fed out of the hot water heat equivalent to a mass per hour (i.e. typically kcal / hr (kcal / h), tonnes / hour (t / h ), megawatt (MW). (1) kcal / h is in metric units of expression, which represents the heat of hot water boiler fed out per hour. (2) t t borrowed steamed steam boiler popular argument, ( 3) megawatts (MW) is the international system of units unit of power, the basic unit is W (1MW = 106W). this expression formal documents should be used.
Advancing the ignition point of coal, the temperature of the furnace to improve the ash carbon content decreased. Smoke swirling mix and strengthen the separation of coke particles in the flue gas, so that it falls on the fire bed and the new layer further fuel burn. Flue gas also strong swirl in the flue gas CO, H2, CH4 and other combustible combustion gases, thereby improving the thermal efficiency of the boiler is more than 4%. But also improve the boiler output to meet the needs of the production of steam, reducing environmental pollution, expanding the scope to adapt varieties of coal. 2. The air supply and reasonable regulation. In Grate, vibration stove, oven and forth, depending on the characteristics of the combustion process, reasonable air, to promote combustion furnace is very important. As the chain furnace, with grate the fuel is kept in motion, occur sequentially ignition, combustion, burn various stages. Along the longitudinal direction of the combustion grate stages, the partition, the amount of air required in the grate longitudinal direction is different. In the preheating zone of the head and the tail of burnout grate stage, small air requirement in the middle stage of combustion grate, the air amount required.
Since the occurrence of Zhangjiakou City, February 28th a tragic accident 15 tons of biomass boiler explosion (caused 3 dead 7 injured), Hengshui High-tech Zone Branch of monitoring the quality of the region's rapid convening of an emergency boiler safety special rectification will deploy a total of more than 60 home boiler unit, install the unit to participate.
At the meeting of the relevant provisions of the "Special Equipment Safety Act" Publicizing a comprehensive and read the "Hengshui City High-tech Zone boiler special rectification action plan", will use a month's time, carry out a comprehensive risk investigation to ensure the region's security boiler . Special Inspection Branch of the provincial hospital Hengshui boiler room main person in charge of inspection requirements for boilers and risk points were explained in detail.
The meeting stressed that all units should deeply learn boiler explosion safety lessons from the accident occurred recently around the country, and continuously enhance the sense of responsibility, strengthen risk awareness, problem seriously put their own problems and routine regulatory inspection found hidden in a timely manner rectification, study and solve countermeasures. To step up publicity on the one hand, and the regulatory authorities to supervise boiler unit to improve the system and strengthen the boiler safety training to improve skills of workers boilers, prevent illegal operation; on the other hand, vigorously promote the special equipment and boilers and other laws and regulations use common sense, use boilers to improve safety awareness, enhance self-awareness and self-protection ability of the masses. By month renovation, so security was tubes, equipment information, personnel documents, maintain dimensional record. Meanwhile, the number of law enforcement agencies to investigate and punish illegal cases, the exposure of some illegal businesses, education, warning a number of luck in the use of units, and strive to create "Care for life, concerned about security," a good social environment.
Small electric 4 ton horizontal coal steam boilers What are the benefits, features? First, electric and coal, oil steam generating comparative advantages and disadvantages: advantages and disadvantages of coal: Advantages: coal is the most economical energy per kilogram of coal can produce more than 5,000 calories, can produce about 6 kg steam (theoretical value). Both economical than electric, fuel oil and natural gas. Disadvantages: 1, low efficiency, although theoretically per kilogram of coal can produce more than 5,000 calories, but due to the limitations of coal-fired boilers and human factors affected the Boilermakers, the real heat of the steam is converted to produce much smaller than the theoretical value, the heat utilization rate of around 60%. 2, can not do automatic control, if the device is not continuous steady steam steam that instant steam consumption fluctuations, the steam produced by the boiler with the steam in the bottom of the valley steam equipment can only let go waste. 3, need specialized operators, high labor costs. 4, do not meet the requirements of modern environmental protection, to ban small coal-fired boilers is the trend. The advantages and disadvantages of fuel: fuel meets the requirements of environmental protection, the state has not been expressly provided, however, based on current oil prices, its economy has ceased to exist. Per liter of oil can produce more than 18,000 calories, about 60% utilization, we can produce about 10 kg of steam. Which produce one ton of steam costs around 800 dollars (at current prices). The advantages and disadvantages of heating: Cons: Because electricity is converted from the other sources of energy, so the relatively high price point, once electricity can produce about 1.5 kg of steam. Calculated to produce 1 ton of steam costs about 400 yuan or so based on the current average domestic electricity bill. More expensive than coal.