ZG power plant biomass fired boiler is a new type field assemble chain grate boiler, with capacity is 20,35,45,65,75ton, high pressure: 3.82Mpa,5.29Mpa
Wuhan Port District Social Welfare Institute (apartments for the elderly) is invested by the government pension services, with a total construction area of 38,000 square meters, 532 beds, mainly adopt destitute persons, social support on behalf of the elderly. Hope to provide welfare to the elderly year-round 24-hour hot water, the original boiler equipment can not meet this demand, therefore, require additional purchase orphanage hot water boiler. After much investigation, in cooperation with the welfare determined fast boiler, provides three integrally condensing gas hot water boiler (WNS1.4-1.0 / 95/70-Y.Q) by a fast boiler.
Boiler explosion in the boiler explosion pressure is always weak parts of component failure, and then by the gas, water expansion due to severe water hammer pot large amount of water so that the tear propagation occur. Vertical boiler rupture, most of them in scraps circle at a lot of steam from cracks jet, flew into the sky like a rocket, likely to fly away from tens to hundreds of meters; horizontal boiler explosion, prone to high temperatures in the lower abdomen drum furnace or combustion zone above the high temperature radiant section, since the inside of the furnace, boiler most likely parallel longitudinal flew. Next, we analyze the reasons for the explosion of the boiler equipment: 1, congenital defects: design errors, force structure, thermal compensation, the water cycle, a serious error with respect timber, strength calculation, safety facilities; manufacturing error, the wrong material, not according to the drawings, poor quality welding, heat treatment, hydrostatic testing, and process specification errors. 2, overpressure rupture: high operating pressure exceeds the boiler working pressure permit the element stress than the material limit stress. Overpressure conditions often due to safety relief device failure, inaccurate pressure gauge, overpressure alarm device failure, severe water shortages and accidents caused by improper handling. 3, overheating failure: a steel sheet hot burn, reduce the strength member caused damage. When the boiler water is generally dry, thick fouling, boiler water, there is reason to cause foreign matter or grease fall within the drum asbestos rubber plate or the like. 4, and burst patterns from slot: receiving element alternating stress, fatigue cracks, but also by the combined effects of corrosion, resulting in a groove-shaped thinned. 5, water hammer damage: the system caused by improper operation soda water hammer, so that the additional element by a strong stress failure. These are the causes of boiler explosion, I believe you must have learned a lot of knowledge of it, I hope this can help you to better avoid the occurrence of such phenomena, to ensure the safety of the work carried out.
How the thermal efficiency of the boiler in order to improve the TSGG0003-2010 "industrial boilers energy efficiency testing and evaluation rules" calculated in the thermal efficiency point of view: the thermal efficiency of the boiler ηj = 100% - (q2 + q3 + q4 + q5 + q6) where: Q2 is the exhaust heat loss, q3 incomplete combustion gas heat losses, q4 solid incomplete combustion heat loss, q5 is heat loss, q6 ash material is heat loss. To save fuel, improve the thermal efficiency of the boiler, common measures are the following: 1, the use of flue gas heat recovery technology to reduce exhaust loss of the main factors influencing the heat loss is the exhaust gas temperature. The higher the exhaust gas temperature, the greater heat losses. Currently, when most of the new boiler factory is equipped with flue gas heat recovery unit, such as economizers, half or full condensation condensing flue gas heat recovery device, these measures can effectively reduce exhaust gas temperature and improve the thermal efficiency of the boiler. 2, reasonable control air-fuel ratio, to optimize combustion and reduce the loss of incomplete combustion when the heat losses and the excess air coefficient is too high, excess equivalent of inhaled cold air into the furnace, this part of the cold air does not participate in the combustion of the excess, but vain drained after being heated, heat losses increase; cold air into the furnace as to continue to increase beyond a certain limit, the furnace temperature will be lowered, incomplete combustion can also cause loss increases. When the excess air coefficient is too low, the fuel can not get enough oxygen for complete combustion, resulting in incomplete combustion loss increases. The long-term severe incomplete combustion, boiler heating surface will result in carbon impact heat transfer efficiency, continues to increase exhaust losses. Therefore, the reasonable control of the air-fuel ratio to minimize heat losses and incomplete combustion losses q2 q3, is another key point to enhance the thermal efficiency of the boiler. 3, strict control of boiler water, boiler scale control SCIENCES water will contain various impurities and calcium and magnesium scale substances, boiler fouling inevitably. Low thermal conductivity of the scale, so that once the heating surface fouling due to increased thermal resistance, boiler exhaust gas temperature rises, heat losses will increase. Test data indicate that the boiler heating surface junction 1mm scale, heat losses will increase from about 2% to 4%, the thicker the scale boiler heating surface, the greater the resistance, the thermal efficiency of the boiler will be lowered more. Boiler fouling not only reduces the thermal efficiency of the boiler, and the boiler Heating Surface temperature rise, causing heating surface damage, and even cause boiler explosion. Therefore, high-quality soft water treatment apparatus, in strict accordance with the process operating boiler feed water softening devices, the control of boiler feed water quality, can delay scale formation. Meanwhile, boiler scale control in real time to master the situation boiler scale, a scale clean-up, if necessary, is also very important. 4, strengthen the insulation, to prevent leaking, reduce heat loss due to the boiler, the temperature of soda heat pipe system is better than the boiler room air temperature is high, some of the heat will be dissipated to the ambient air by radiation and convection, heat radiating boiler loss. Accordingly, when the insulation layer and the heat pipe boiler systems found damaged or leaking, it should be repaired, to reduce heat loss.