Steam boiler accident type and processing method, and use common sense safety boiler competitive price best coal steam boiler accident type and processing method, overpressure accident 1 boiler, boiler overpressure phenomenon of (1) a sharp rise in steam pressure, exceeds the allowable working pressure gauge pointer over " red line "safety valve after the pressure is still elevated. (2) the operation of the device is the interlock overpressure protection, should send overpressure alarm signal, stops the air blowing, the wind, coal. (3) steam temperature and steam flow rate reduction increases. 2, to treat boiler overpressure (1) weakened rapidly burning, manually open the valve or bleed valve. (2) increase the water supply, while the lower reinforcing blowdown drum (It should be noted at this time to maintain the normal water level of the boiler), in order to reduce the temperature of the boiler water, thereby reducing the pressure in the boiler drum. (3) as a safety valve malfunction or all of the pressure gauge damage, emergency shutdown, safety valves and pressure gauges are to be repaired after the boost operation. When endanger the safe operation of (4) Boiler excessive pressure, blood pressure should take measures, but too fast buck is strictly prohibited. (5) boiler overpressure eliminate serious, to the shutdown of the boiler internal and external inspection, to eliminate the overpressure caused by deformation, leakage and other safety accessories and maintenance unqualified. Second, an accident boiler water, boiler water shortage (1) below the minimum safe water level line, or can not see the water level, the water level gauge glass (plate) as a white. (2) as a full-color water level gauge vapor instruction color. Low water level alarm signal (3) water level alarm occurs. (4) low water interlocking means, the water level should be below a prescribed value blower, Fan, grate reduction motor stops running. (5) a sharp rise in the superheater steam temperature, higher than the outlet steam temperature. (6) boiler exhaust gas temperature rises. (7) the water flow is less than the steam flow, causing Should the water tube due to tube cracking or economizer, an opposite phenomenon occurs. (8) When a serious water shortage, can smell the burnt smell. (9) When a serious shortage, the door can be seen from the red-hot waterwall tubes. (10) a serious water shortage, the furnace tube may rupture, then can hear the explosions, smoke and steam from the door, watching spray the fire door. 2, boiler water treatment (1) through the "waters", sentenced to severe water shortages, emergency shutdown must be prohibited blind to the boiler feed water. (2) through the "waters" sentenced to a slight lack of water, it should reduce fuel blast, the wind, and slowly feed water. Third, full water boiler 1 accident phenomenon (1) above the maximum allowable water level line, or can not see the water level, the water level gauge glass (plate) dark color boiler filled with water. (2) all of the water phase as a color level gauge indication color. High-water alarm signal (3) water level alarm occurs. (4) decreased superheated steam temperature. (5) water flow is not normally greater than the steam flow. (6) water in a large number of sub-cylinder, severe trap operation. (7) with a large amount of water steam severe, increased salinity, water hammer occurs in the sound of the steam pipe, the steam connection flange outwardly dripping take place. 2, boiler full of water treatment rinse water table, determined to be minor or serious full of water full of water. Method: Close water table, the water pipe connected cock, then open drain cocks As can be seen from the decreased water level, indicating a slight full of water, the water supply is stopped, the drain valve open, put to the normal water level. Such as severe filled with water due to take emergency shutdown measures.
What is the principle of the boiler? No matter how much the tonnage, the boiler works basically the same. Role of the boiler fuel chemical energy is converted into thermal energy, heating and heat inside the pot with water to become superheated steam having a mass and a sufficient amount (steam temperature, steam pressure) of the steam turbine for use. Now the power plant boiler capacity, high parameters, technical complexity, high levels of mechanization and automation, the main fuel is coal, and coal prior to combustion of pulverized coal first made, and then into the boiler combustion heat release in the furnace. Broadly speaking, the work process is the main boiler fuel combustion, heat transfer, vaporization and heating of the water with the superheated steam and the like. The entire boiler boiler composed of two parts and auxiliary equipment. Boiler: boiler body is the main part of the boiler equipment, is composed of two parts, "pot" and "furnace" composition. "Pot" is the soda system which main task is to attract the heat receiving fuel discharged, the water is heated, evaporated and finally becomes superheated steam having certain parameters. It consists economizer, the drum, the downcomer, the header, water wall, superheater and reheater connecting pipes and other equipment and valves. 1) economizer. Vertically positioned rear of the boiler flue, the use of flue gas waste heat boiler feed water, reducing the exhaust gas temperature, increase boiler efficiency, fuel economy (2) drum. At the top of the boiler, it is a cylindrical pressure vessel, which is under water, the upper portion of the steam is that it accepts the economizer runoff, while the downcomer composed header, Wall water circulation circuit. Wall water absorbs heat generated in the soda mixture was collected in the drum, conveyed by the saturated steam to the superheater steam-water separator (3) downcomer. Water supply pipe water wall, the effect of which is introduced into the water in the steam drum to the lower header redistribution respective waterwall tubes. Dispersion in small diameter and the large diameter downcomers Downcomer two kinds. Small diameter tubular small diameter drops, the water cycle of negative (4) waterwall lower header. The main role of the header is a mass pooled or working fluid through the header to the header redistributed through other conduits. A water wall is thicker lower header tube closed at both ends, its role is connected to the downcomer and the water-cooled wall, so as to function together, mixing, redistribution effect working medium (5) water wall. At the furnace around its main task is to absorb radiant heat of the oven, to evaporate water, which is the main heating surface modern boilers, while protecting the furnace wall (6) superheater. Its role is to drum saturated steam into superheated steam on heating (7) having a predetermined temperature reheater. Its role is done in the steam turbine power section is heated up again, and then continue to work in the steam turbine. "Furnace" is the combustion system, its task is to make the fuel burn in a good furnace, heat. It consists of the furnace, the burner, ignition means, air preheater, the smoke duct and the furnace wall, frame and other components. (1) furnace. It is transferred from the furnace wall and into the water wall for fuel combustion, the fuel combustion in suspension, the release of large amounts of heat within the space. (2) burners. Located on the furnace walls or corners, its role is the fuel and air injected into the furnace at a constant speed, so that it can be well mixed in a furnace in order to ensure timely ignition and rapid and complete fuel combustion. DC sub-burner and swirl burner two basic types. (3) air preheater. Located in the boiler backpass, whose role is to use waste heat of flue gas to heat the fuel required for the combustion air, exhaust gas temperature can be further reduced not only, but also for strengthening the furnace combustion, improve the economy of combustion, pulverized coal drying and conveying is advantageous of. Boiler efficiency can be increased by 2%. And rotary two kinds of charge. (4) smoke duct. From the furnace wall is a pipe, the pipe heating surface and the portion of the tube wall and other components of the package, for guiding the flow of flue gas through the heat exchanger and the respective heating surface, and is divided into horizontal flue backpass. Auxiliary ventilation apparatus comprises auxiliary equipment (delivery, induced draft fan), a fuel transportation equipment, milling system, in addition to ash and dust removal equipment, desulfurization equipment.
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How to provide boiler thermal efficiency thermal efficiency of the competitive price best coal steam boiler has the following methods: low-pressure boiler at the factory has been designed considering the problem of thermal efficiency of the boiler, the flue gas from the device or change little aspects of energy-saving possibilities, it is best to start from the energy-saving operation (here talk recovered water vapor condensation method). The current design thermal efficiency of domestic low-pressure boiler is generally 70 to 90%, generally the actual operation of the thermal efficiency of about 60 to 80%, some even below 50%, a small low pressure industry as long as the operation, maintenance properly, can meet the design thermal efficiency of manufacturers. I think the management and operation should pay attention to the following points: First, the boiler flue gas temperature monitoring. Typically the maximum exhaust heat loss is loss, it is important to good control of exhaust gas temperature, exhaust gas temperature is generally low pressure coal-fired boiler of 150 ~ 180 ℃, fuel boiler exhaust gas temperature is 210 ~ 240 ℃, so when the boiler to find out why when the exhaust temperature is too high and promptly eliminated. Coal-fired boiler flue gas temperature is too high reasons are: high furnace pressure; shorting smoke; thick soot on the heat pipe; thick scale pot like. High temperature fuel exhaust reasons are: 1 air not adjusted oil, the oil is not completely burned in the chimney the secondary combustion occurs aft; 2 soot too, the need for timely cleaning; 3 shorting smoke; 4.... thick scale; Second, controlling blowdown rate. Without restricting the general rate of industrial sewage control in 5 to 10%, in the pot of water to ensure that qualified (mainly total alkalinity and pH value), the blowdown rate as low as possible, the sewage to adhere to the "ground row, row less, are ranked "the rules. Third, the maintenance of good furnace wall insulation. The heat loss is also a relatively large heat losses, now the manufacturers in the manufacturing and design has been well thought out, so we do not need to change, we just trying to be difficult to maintain. Outer surface temperature generally does not exceed 50 ℃, it will have to find out the reasons such as too high, and remove. Boiler insulation should always be kept dry, for coal, not a long positive run, or easy to damage the coal furnace wall and gate and so on. Fourth, adjust the ratio of fuel and air volume, complete combustion of the fuel as possible. Generally do not have a small amount of wind testing instruments, we can only go by experience adjustment. For oil, the normal combustion flame was yellow-white, non-glare, flame stability, no visible smoke chimney; For coal, the normal combustion flame pale, no visible smoke chimney, basic cinder burn coal particles as even as possible. Fifth, the need for a sound water treatment. Improve water treatment and water quality testing can maximize prevent fouling and correct guidance of the sewage, but it did not do a lot of small, companies usually do not pay attention.