Recently, the Ministry of Environmental Protection by the volatility of the newly revised "Boiler Air Pollutants Emission Standards" released in July this year, the implementation of this standard is known as by far the most stringent air pollution emission standards for boilers, boiler caused by the manufacturing sector.
Compared with the existing standards, new standards not only revised the traditional particulate matter and sulfur dioxide emission limits, for the first time proposed emission control standards for nitrogen oxides and mercury, Forced boiler manufacturers have to upgrade technology, from the source control boiler discharge atmospheric pollutants.
One side is desulphurization and denitrification entered the final stage, while the new emission standards of air pollutants are being introduced amendments to the boiler. Such as pollutant emissions from large wide range of small capacity monomer emission coal-fired boilers and other issues close to the ground long standing will once again be enlarged, comprehensive improvement of coal-fired boilers will undoubtedly become the next focus of urban air pollution control. Analysts believe that the implementation of the new standard direct-driven investment in environmental protection will reach 370 billion yuan to 4500 yuan, while the boiler manufacturing industry is facing exams has also led to the relevant environmental protection equipment market to break out again.
By the end of 2011, our country in the boiler 620,300 units, of which 09,700 units utility boilers, industrial boilers 610 600 units, with a total capacity of about 3,515,900 kilowatts. In 2012, industrial boilers reached 62.4 million units, about 98% of the total number of boilers.
In industrial boilers, coal-fired boiler is more than 80%, the annual consumption of 490 million tons of standard coal, the average efficiency of 65% to 70%, emissions remain high.
In 2012, coal-fired industrial boilers cumulative emissions of dust 4.1 million tons, 5.7 million tons of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides 2.0 million tons respectively, accounting for 32% of total national emissions, 26% and 15%, a major cause of fog and haze one of the reasons.
For this reason, in the 2013 set off a nationwide clean energy alternative coal-fired boiler boiler, more than one place Shandong, Shanxi and other relevant measures have been introduced on clean energy alternative to coal-fired boiler work. "The introduction of the implementation of the most stringent standards, will set off a coal-fired boiler in the second round.
Four existing small and medium sized coal-fired boilers in China. One pollutant emissions from large, wide surface. Second, small-cell capacity, the average capacity of 8 tons / hour, the number of 10 tons / hour of small coal-fired boilers is 42 million units, accounting for two-thirds of the total. Third, emissions close to the ground, a great impact on quality. Fourth, boiler technology, main and auxiliary mismatch, poor health. In addition, most small boiler lack of dust removal, desulfurization and denitrification equipment, led to the current sulfur dioxide and dust emissions from boilers widespread non-compliance.
From the present point of view, domestic clean energy technology matures, the implementation of new emission standards for technology development has brought very good driving force for the future, who can stable up to standard technical requirements of the country, will have a presence in the market value Otherwise it can be eliminated.
Mature technology in biomass boiler, our SZL series chain grate boiler widely available renewable energy technology that generate steam from 6 to 40 ton to any industry factories, facilities, plants, etc. What’s more, our ZG Boiler can can supply larger capacity and high pressure circulating fluided bed, power plant boiler, biomass boiler, produce steam for electricity or other requirements. A fully automated operation system, similar to those used for conveying feed and grain on farms, delivers biomass pellets from an outdoor silo to the boiler’s hopper. At a rate predetermined by user-controlled settings, a fuel-feed system then delivers the pellets to a combustion chamber. Pellets are burned using staged combustion air injection (a process that reduces NOx ). A cyclone separator knocks out particulate matter that is then removed by an on-line, automated mechanical cleaning and ashremoval system. Usually, biomass fired cfb boiler has higher thermal transferring efficiency than chain grate boiler. And both of them can burn mixed fuels like wood pellet and coal; bagasses and coal; palm shell and coal etc.
Fire fighting methods inventory boiler in the boiler use, if a fire phenomenon, you know how to deal with it? Today, Xiao Bian teach you the recipe. When coal is poor or low load, it may be administered less number, to maintain a high pulverized coal concentration, but can not chipping operation or asymmetric operation. Load is less than 170MW, should remain A, B powder layer to stable operation, when any failure to a powder, should be administered stable combustion, the failure to the powder to be put into operation, combustion stability, and then exit the gun run . Adjustment of the amount of the low-load air supply, to maintain the oxygen 4-5%, and adjust the opening degree of the auxiliary windshield. If it is a bad case of fire, may be appropriate to increase the primary air temperature, wind speed reduces time, but not overshoot the spark plugs burned once or blocked ducts. When the job should be strictly periodic system and to reduce powder powder switching system, dust bunker normal position at least 2.5 meters, so that a stable working state bunker, at each adjusting shutter powder to powder, the powder as far as possible amount consistent and stable, no spark plugs to prevent dust and to dust gravity caused by combustion fluctuations. Should maintain acceptable fineness of pulverized coal, according to chemical analysis, after adjusting the test plate to open Classifier, coal is poor or low load, it may be appropriate to increase the fineness of pulverized coal, in order to facilitate combustion. Maintain normal milling system, powder separator shall not clogging the tertiary air pinkish large deterioration in combustion. Furnace can eliminate air leakage and air leakage milling system, all view of the fire without plugging holes, play Giocondo, etc. should be tightly closed. Value of the long should keep abreast of the situation of coal and coal quality fuel, combustion instability occurs when, such as when a fault powder, coal mutation, the differential signal changes drum is too large, the oil should immediately cast coal combustion stability and taking samples for analysis. High load, the premise of ensuring steam temperature, combustion can be appropriately adjusted to prevent the shift of the center of the flame, so that the furnace exit gas temperature rise, caused by coking. Operator adjusting the main steam temperature may be employed with positive pagoda wind run, the central flame stabilizer. Should be a bellows pressure control as a basis for wind speed, in time to observe the duct pressure and temperature, the premise of ensuring primary air duct is not blocked, a bellows pressure should not exceed 4000Pa.
6 tons gas new style dzl coal fired 2 ton steam boiler for industry steam pressure adjusting a boiler operation, must frequently monitor the pressure gauge indicated. To maintain stable steam pressure, boiler pressure must not exceed the design pressure. Second, increasing boiler load: Steam pressure decreased boiler load is increased, if the level is high at this time, the amount of water should be reduced to a water supply or suspend, the amount of coal and increase the air volume. Gradually increase the amount of water at the same time to strengthen the burning, keep the steam pressure and the water level is normal. Third, the boiler load reduction: the vapor pressure rises to reduce boiler load, if the level is high at this time, the amount of coal should be reduced and the air volume, reduced combustion. Then the appropriate water reduction or suspension of water supply to the water vapor pressure and stability in the nominal range. Then press the normal combustion and the amount of feed water 8 to adjust. If the actual water level within the boiler is low, to increase the amount of water should, until the water level returns to normal after the combustion and needs to be adjusted according to the water vapor pressure and load changes.