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Power Plant Packaged Coal Fired Steam Boiler

For the 2018-2019 autumn-winter air pollution prevention and control work, Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province issued a public draft, mainly in the autumn and winter to reduce heavy pollution weather Development frequency.

Take measures to reduce coal comprehensive, non-electric focused on reducing the total coal consumption, in 2018 the city's total coal consumption reduction of 1% compared with 2015. New non-owned coal-fired units, the implementation of new large-scale coal-fired units and coal consumption of the same amount of capacity reduction or substitution, elimination of energy consumption, water consumption, environmental protection and safety is not up to 300,000 kilowatts coal-fired units. Development of industrial parks "One District One heat source" action plan, and more than 300,000 kilowatts coal-fired units were heating transformation, promote backward and shutting down small coal-fired thermoelectric integration of coal-fired boilers in the range of 15 km radius of the heat. Optimize the use of natural gas structure, in principle, to new natural gas cogeneration and gas chemical projects, to the new "coal to gas" projects, should adhere to increase coal gas reduction synchronized to gas will change, the premise of the gas supply contract signed and orderly implementation.

Coal-fired boiler (with tea furnace, operating a stove, grain storage and drying equipment, coal-fired facilities) carried out an intensive investigation to ensure that no dead ends, no blind spot. Investigation and the coal-fired boilers to register one by one.

According to the law to increase the city's efforts to phase out coal-fired boilers in accordance with regulations. Before the end of December 2018, the city basically out of 10 tons of steam per hour of coal-fired boiler, built-up areas out of 35 tons of steam per hour coal-fired boilers. Complete 1 set (Yiwu) per hour, 40 tons of steam coal-fired boilers transformation of ultra-low emissions, coal-fired plants to achieve ultra-low emission levels.

In principle, the boiler NOx emission is not higher than 50 mg / m, and comply with appropriate safety boiler specification. New installation and reconstruction of gas-fired simultaneously supporting the low NOx combustion device.

Biomass boilers to carry out a comprehensive investigation, complete control of boiler scale, distribution, fuel, furnace, pollution control facilities and pollutant emissions, and establish a list of management accounting. Yan Gesheng biomass boiler registration, strictly control the new urban area of ​​biomass boilers. Biomass boilers should be dedicated boiler, coal and other prohibited blended with other fuels, efficient dust bags and other ancillary facilities. Actively promote the urban area of ​​biomass boilers ultra-low emissions transformation. For existing biomass boilers, environmental inspection carried out one by one, there are multiple distributed biomass boilers, the implementation of the demolition of small and large industrial agglomeration area.

The method of adjusting the temperature of the superheated steam heating stove have? The method of adjusting the temperature of the superheated steam heating stove have? DC boiler steam temperature is mainly adjusted by adjusting the quantity of fuel to water. In actual operation, because the efficiency of boiler feed water and fuel heat enthalpy (depends on the water temperature) and the like will change, so the actual boiler operation to ensure the water-fuel ratio of the exact value is not easy. Coal-fired furnace will fluctuate because of the amount of coal and the amount of fuel due to the steam temperature. So, except DC boiler fuel to water ratio as the coarse adjustment means, but also must be used as a method of spray desuperheater means of fine-tuning adjustment. There is also some boiler flue gas recirculation, dampers and methods of the swing center of the flame as an auxiliary adjusting device.

Introduce some common sense about the boiler 1, the critical speed of the circulating fluid bed boiler. Gas flow rate corresponding to the minimum fluidization velocity or become known as the critical fluidization velocity. 2, the flow characteristics of circulating bed boiler? A high combustion efficiency of the fuel adaptability 2 3 4 desulfurization efficiency is low nitrogen oxide emissions high combustion intensity 5, 6 simply small cross-sectional area of ​​the furnace fuel and coal pretreatment system 7, a large load adjustment range, adjustment is easy to implement fast ash 8 utilization. 3, the partition circulating fluid bed boiler furnace and the corresponding characteristics into dense and dilute phases, a lower dense phase zone of the furnace, filled with hot materials, is a stable source of hot, heat storage is a thermal store , flow therethrough in an upper dilute phase zone of the furnace, the fuel air are required. 4, the positive balance calculation boiler efficiency, combustion of coal, boiler heat losses What? Coal particles is heated and dried: volatile combustion and precipitation: coal particles swell and rupture: re-cracking and coke burning carbon particles and wear. Heat loss 1 2 3 Chemical incomplete combustion loss of physical mechanical incomplete combustion heat of the loss heat loss 4 5 ash. 5, the charging cycle 4 Effect Effect Effect amount of the main factors affecting combustion in the boiler of a coal particle size distribution and particle 2 was 3 Effect fluidization velocity excess air factor 5 bed temperature Dense Phase 6 . 6, the basic form of the heat transfer in? In the heat transfer process, there are three basic ways of heat transfer: thermal and heat transfer, convective heat and radiant heat transfer. 7, their role in recycling and recycling processes? By the economizer feed water into the steam drum, a descending pipe into the water wall, by absorbing the heat released by the combustion of the fuel heating the water in the saturated steam passes through the heat absorbing further heat saturated steam into dry steam heating. 8, sewage, drainage pipe What? Sewer: blowdown drum door (left and right) turn on the water accident door, front door header sewage, sewage tank after the door, left the door header sewage and right door header sewage, sewage water jacket door (about) Dipleg sewage door. Drainage pipe: the low temperature superheater inlet header hydrophobic doors, front / rear desuperheater hydrophobic door header, the high-temperature superheater inlet / outlet header, the header hydrophobic dispensing door. 9, then what are pipe drum? Meter and accessories? Superheater, economizer recirculation duct, platoon expansion tube, a condenser tube, soot blower tube, economizer inlet pipe, the discharge pipe accident, centralized downcomer platoon expansion, a water level gauge, a thermometer, security door, pressure gauge, gas-water separator, header. 10, the cyclone structure and working principle? Cylindrical body, the central cylinder, a cone, a loop seal, the material returning leg, from the high temperature flue gas out of the furnace, two left and right into the two cyclones, increase after turning flue flue gas velocity in the cylinder the center of rotation of the form cylinder back down into the cone upwardly from the central cylinder wall Shuaixiang excluded smoke particles under high effort when the cone reaches the end coupled with its heavy fall below the loop seal. 11, Refeeder role? The ash from the circulation loop seal into the furnace combustion chamber 12, acting characteristics superheater? The use of flue gas heated to a certain pressure saturated steam superheated steam. 13, bag filter works and composition? Principle: inlet flue gas-containing flue dust particles into the lower caul plate over the flue dust reduction chamber, and then through the outlet to reduce the wind speed of the flue draft fan withdrawn via the discharge plenum chamber clean flue upper portion of the bag filter the atmospheric composition: inlet flue, the caul plate, the reduction of flue gas chamber, bag, net flue gas plenum chamber exit gas, ash silo, rotating ash blowing device, the air reservoir. 14, to the mounting position of the coal feeder, the number, composition mounted on the front wall of the furnace, the number of stage three consists of: a motor, a belt coal feeder, reducer, the motor slide. 15, the process of slag from the furnace down the three tap outlet derived by the discharge of slag, after water cooling to cool to a certain temperature onto the cooling belt-type transfusion Pa, and then transported by the inclined transport slag to the slag bin .

Boiler startup startup boiler combustion adjustment method should pay attention to the flame monitoring, combustion and make adjustments as follows: (1) correct the ignition. Adequate ventilation furnace before ignition, the ignition first investment ignition device (or torch), then turn the gun. (2) diagonally administered fire mouth, pay attention to timely switch, the flash point was observed nozzle suitable fire, flame sought uniformly distributed in the furnace. (3) to adjust the lead note, air volume, furnace pressure should not be too large. (4) in particular to monitor exhaust gas temperature when combustion instability, the occurrence of the back pass to prevent the secondary combustion. (5) to maximize the temperature of primary air, secondary air is fed reasonable depending on the fuel. Adjusting the temperature difference between both sides of the cigarette. Do pulverizing system-OFF stable (6) operation. Stoker coal under stable powder machine speed and stability. Coal with wind stability and oxygen stable. Steam temperature, steam pressure increase stability and load stability liter.